Art Deco interior design is a bold, stylish aesthetic that surged in popularity in the 1920s and 1930s. The Art Deco design movement has left an indelible mark on the world of architecture and design, characterized by its use of geometric shapes, rich colors, sleek lines, and luxurious materials.
Characteristics of Art Deco Interior Design
Art Deco Interior design is identified by several key characteristics:
- Geometric shapes: This style is known for its use of geometric and symmetrical patterns.
- Rich colors: Bold, vibrant colors are a staple of Art Deco design.
- Sleek lines: Clean, streamlined shapes are a distinctive feature of this style.
- Luxurious materials: From mirrors and chrome to glass, lacquer, velvet, marble, zebra skin, and gold, the use of high-end materials is fundamental in Art Deco interiors.
The History of Art Deco
The Art Deco movement, known for its luxurious and flamboyant character, swept through the world of design and architecture in the early 20th century. Its legacy remains alive and relevant in the design world today.
Origins of Art Deco
Art Deco emerged in France just before World War I, gaining prominence at the International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts held in Paris in 1925. The exhibition showcased a new aesthetic that was an amalgamation of styles, influences, and technologies. This was a reaction against the organic, curvilinear designs of the preceding Art Nouveau period, with designers seeking to infuse a more modern, mechanistic aesthetic into their work.
Influences on Art Deco
Art Deco was a melting pot of inspirations. It drew from Art Nouveau's flowing lines and natural motifs, but also incorporated the abstract forms of Cubism, the machine-like shapes of the Bauhaus, and the influence of Fauvism and Orphism. The movement also looked to non-Western cultures for inspiration, particularly ancient Egyptian, African, and Aztec art.
The 1920s and 1930s were a time of rapid technological progress. Innovations such as the skyscraper and developments in new materials and building techniques deeply influenced Art Deco. Stainless steel, aluminum, lacquer, inlaid wood, and other materials came into vogue. Designers began to embrace the machine-age, which is evident in the repetitive geometric patterns and symmetrical forms common in Art Deco design.
Art Deco Architecture
Perhaps the most prominent manifestation of Art Deco is in architecture. Notable examples include the Chrysler Building and the Empire State Building in New York City. These buildings, with their emphasis on vertical lines, stylized geometric ornamentation, and use of modern materials, embody the key elements of Art Deco style.